Scope of Sociology- Best Social Science Career in 2022 | Leverage Edu (2022)

Sociology is the scientific study of society, human relationships, and interactions. It is a diverse field that includes intensive fieldwork and theoretical research. If you are a sociology student in search of career prospects, then you have a vast field of research and job opportunities to explore. Be BA or MA Sociology, the scope of Sociology is immense because of its relevance as an interdisciplinary course. There are various opportunities available in the private as well as the public sector. Let’s take a look at the nature and scope of Sociology, its different fields along with the career prospects it offers.

This Blog Includes:
  1. What is Sociology?
  2. Nature and Scope of Sociology
  3. Nature and Scope of Sociology PPT
  4. Nature and Scope of Sociology: Specialisation Areas
  5. Where can Sociologists Work?
  6. Scope of Sociology: Job Prospects
  7. Sociology Work Profiles: Brief Overview
    1. Researcher
    2. Policy Analyst
    3. Market Research Analyst
    4. Public Relations Specialist
    5. Human Resource Manager
  8. Sociology Courses: Popular Universities
  9. FAQs

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What is Sociology?

Focusing on the study of human relationships and society, Sociology as a discipline explores the operational structure of society and its different social constructs from the notion of religion to family, class, race, crime and much more. The scope of Sociology begins with the connection between human beings and society and expands further towards the social institutions that impact our lives and the factors that dominate the proper functioning of these institutions. It sets out to explain how human beings have constructed these institutions, how they perceive them and the role they play in our lives.

Nature and Scope of Sociology

Sociologists study the varied aspects of society from the values it upholds to its central social institutions and the role of human beings in society. Here are the major features you must know to understand the scope of Sociology:

As an empirical discipline, Sociology peruses upon rational considerations to explore social phenomena and social constructs and how human beings behave amidst these contexts.

Sociology has advanced as a Pure Science and an abstract discipline such as Mathematics or Chemistry or should not be considered as Applied Science. This is because it studies it assesses the inner workings of society from different perspectives and highlights the common patterns in connection with human beings.

It is also a generalizing area of study as it includes all human beings and not individuals. It is concerned imperatively with human life and human interactions and in this way, it is distinctive from Social Science.

(Video) Highest Paying Jobs With A Sociology Degree in 2021.

The major subject matter units under the scope of Sociology are as follows:

  • Sociological Analysis
  • Study of Primary Units of Social Life
  • Structural and Functional Nature of Social Units
  • Fundamental Social Process
  • Research Methods

Nature and Scope of Sociology PPT

Nature and Scope of Sociology: Specialisation Areas

In order to understand the scope of sociology and the career options, it’s important to comprehend the areas of studies that sociology as a field entails. Here are the major components that sociology comprises:

Social Institutions
Social institutions cover those areas of study that include various institutions of society such as marriage, family, kinship, religion, etc. This field comprises of fieldwork as well as case studies on these institutions, studying how they evolved and originated in the various parts of the world.

Culture
Culture is one of the key areas of research in Sociology. Its evolution, major movements and understanding of cultural interactions are of great relevance in the contemporary fields of research on cultural studies. This topic also includes studies on social change and movements that were important to the development of the idea of culture.

Population
This field of study includes studies on various aspects of population including statistical research on population explosion and case studies on various countries and their population growth and decline.

Career in Industrial Sociology

Sociology Syllabus

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BA Sociology

Where can Sociologists Work?

The scope of Sociology is not just restricted to Psychology, but also extends to Public Administration, Political Science, Management, etc. Based on your area of specialisation, here are some popular areas of employment:

  • NGOs
  • Law Firms
  • International Organisations
  • Survey Conducting Companies
  • Media Research Houses
  • Urban and Regional Planning Bodies
  • Public Health Companies
  • Rehabilitation Centres
  • Criminal Justice
  • Universities/Schools
  • Administrative Services [State Services/Civil Service Exam]

Scope of Sociology: Job Prospects

Sociology tries to analyse social problems and paradoxes that permeate human society. As a subject, it has been researched widely in connection with Psychology, History, Political Science, and Law. Thus, the scope of Sociology is vast, and graduates in this field can work in profiles like:

  • Researcher
  • Policy Analyst
  • Human Resource Manager
  • Market Research Analyst
  • Public Relations Specialist
  • Rehabilitation Counsellor
  • Office Administrator
  • Professor/Lecturer/Teacher
  • Substance Abuse Counsellor

Best Sociology Books

Public Administration Books

Sociology Work Profiles: Brief Overview

Now that you are familiar with the scope of Sociology in terms of areas of employment as well as the profiles, here is a summary of some of the popular work profiles a Sociologist can work in:

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Researcher

Sociology offers immense opportunities when it comes to the field of research. There are a vast number of government and private organizations that conduct research in the field of society and come up with topics that analyze the movements of society. Research plays an instrumental role in knowing the varied fields of social sciences.

Policy Analyst

Policy analysts help the legislation with policymaking. They review various social and political issues and address them in policymaking processes and amend the existing policies with necessary changes. Policy analysts act as a bridge between the legislature and the population an are

Market Research Analyst

A market research analyst helps private and public organizations with market research. They help in conducting effective surveys for a product and report the results to the concerned company. They analyse the response of different ethnicities, social classes, age groups, and other strata to a product. Communication skills are important for this job and if you are good at communicating effectively then you should definitely explore this field.

Public Relations Specialist

A PR specialist works in the corporate as well as government sector and acts as a liaison between the client and the employer. A PR specialist should be good with communication skills in order to create a good public image for an organization.

Human Resource Manager

A Human Resource Manager organizes, administers, and hires employees for an organization. This profile also includes handling administration roles as well as acting as a bridge between the employee and the employer.

MA Sociology Syllabus

MA Political Science Syllabus

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Sociology Courses: Popular Universities

The scope of sociology is extensive and there is a wide range of job opportunities that are available after pursuing a degree in sociology. Following are some of the world’s renowned colleges that are known for their research in the field of Sociology:

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  • Harvard University
  • Princeton University
  • University of Wisconsin
  • University of North Carolina
  • Stanford University
  • University of California- Berkeley
  • Brown University
  • University of Michigan
  • University of Chicago
  • New York University
  • University of Texas
  • Duke University

FAQs

What is the meaning and scope of sociology?

The study of society its behaviour, activities, types and practices is called sociology. One can become an activist, a social worker, teacher, trainer professor, labour law officer, etc. after completing this course.

What is the scope of Sociology of Education?

The study of the sociology of Education deals with the study of social institutions and their centres. It includes the relationship between Education and other aspects like Kinship, Social Stratification, Political Organization, and other social systems.

What is the scope of sociology in India?

After completing your BA in Sociology you can either go for a postgraduate degree in this field and opt for specializations like Gender Studies, Developmental Studies, Life Long Learning, Social Work, Labour Laws, etc. One can also pursue BEd and become a teacher after completing this course.

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Now that you understand the scope of sociology as a career and the immensely diverse career prospects it offers. You would want to explore more, the Leverage Edu experts can assist you in discovering the right course in Sociology as well as help you in getting shortlisted at a top international university to further your career in Sociology.

FAQs

What is the scope of sociology in future? ›

in Sociology, you can become a Teacher, Counselor, or Consultant in research institutes, educational institutions, public health and welfare organizations, criminal justice branches, law firms, international welfare organizations, and medical centers. If you want to continue your education, you can opt for M.

Which field is best for sociology? ›

Social worker is one of the best career options in sociology if you plan to be a part of improving society and helping people. Graduates in sociology are expected to use their learnings to evaluate social issues and help solve them. Social workers ensure that the resources reach the people and families in need.

Is sociology a good subject for career? ›

So sociology is extremely good for a career in business, probably better than business studies in fact. Sociologists should have a head-start if it's marketing that interests you: Marketing is a good fit for sociology - especially if you've done the 'right' kind of sociology.

What is the scope after sociology? ›

Sociologists are employed by research institutes, the criminal justice system, public health and welfare organizations, private businesses, law firms, international agencies, medical centers, educational institutions, advertising firms, survey and polling organizations, and beyond.

Are sociologists in demand? ›

Job Outlook

Employment of sociologists is projected to grow 5 percent from 2021 to 2031, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

How can I make the most money with a sociology degree? ›

16 high-paying sociology degree jobs
  1. Digital marketing manager. National average salary: $60,572 per year. ...
  2. Consultant. National average salary: $62,897 per year. ...
  3. Sales representative. National average salary: $64,690 per year. ...
  4. Urban planner. ...
  5. Data analyst. ...
  6. District manager. ...
  7. Human resources manager. ...
  8. Lawyer.
26 Oct 2021

Is sociology a useful degree? ›

Majoring in sociology can prepare you for a wide variety of careers. Most sociology majors want to work with people, so they obtain jobs in fields such as the human services, social work, government, education, and community organizing.

What are the 3 reasons we study sociology? ›

Studying sociology provides a better understanding of the following: Reasons for social differences, including differences in social behavior. Reasons for the differentials in group opportunities and outcomes. The relevance of social hierarchies and social power in everyday life.

Is sociology a popular degree? ›

Sociology today is one of the most popular subjects.

Which country is best for sociology? ›

Best countries to study sociology
  • Sociology in USA.
  • Sociology in UK.
  • Sociology in Canada.
  • Sociology in New Zealand.
  • Sociology in Ireland.
  • Sociology in Turkey.
  • Sociology in Fiji.
  • Sociology in Hungary.

Do sociologists make good money? ›

Sociologist Salary

Employment website ZipRecruiter lists average earnings of ​$51,826​ per year, with reported pay ranging from ​$17,500​ per year to ​$122,000​ per year, as of December 2021.

Which degree is better psychology or sociology? ›

If you want to learn more about social structures and human society at the macro-level, sociology will be worth exploring. If you're more interested in learning about individual human behavior within those macro-level social structures, then psychology might be more appropriate for your intellectual curiosity.

Is there any career in sociology? ›

Career Opportunities in Sociology: Job Profiles

A sociologist can work in multiple sectors as a social worker, professor, consultant, etc. Sociology is a common choice for aspirants planning future studies in business, education, law, social research, architecture, medicine, social work, and public administration.

How many scopes are there in sociology? ›

One can expect careers at research institutions, law firms, public health, welfare organisations, private business, international agencies, medical firms, educational institutions, advertising firms, survey and poling organisations, journalism and many more.

Can a sociologist work in a hospital? ›

Most medical sociologists work in hospitals, mental healthcare facilities, senior homecare centers and nonprofit organizations. A few work for the government, universities and research organizations.

Will sociologists be needed in the future? ›

Employment Outlook for Sociologists

Employment of sociologists is projected to show little or no change from 2016 to 2026. Sociologists will continue to be needed to apply sociological research to other disciplines.

Will sociology be in demand in future? ›

Sociology jobs are well paid and in demand

The future looks bright for sociologists because we live in a modern world where social change is needed on many levels. And to achieve this change, we first need to understand how society itself functions — that's where sociologists come in.

How many sociology majors are unemployed? ›

with an unemployment rate of about 10% for graduating senior sociology majors, more than half of respondents agreed that they had obtained a career- level job about seven months after graduation.

What is the highest paying sociology job? ›

8 Highest Paying Sociology Degree Jobs
  • Human Resources Manager.
  • Market Research Analyst.
  • Public Relations Specialist.
  • Social and Community Service Manager.
  • Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists.
  • Social Worker.
  • Substance Abuse, Behavioral Disorder, and Mental Health Counselor.

What masters can I do with sociology? ›

Depending on your interests, it's possible to specialise in a particular area of Sociology including:
  • Social policy.
  • Youth studies.
  • Gender studies.
  • Cultural studies.
  • Criminology.
  • Education studies.

What kind of job can you get with a sociology bachelor's degree? ›

Job Titles for Sociology Majors and Minors
  • Banker.
  • Business analyst.
  • Consumer relations specialist.
  • Human resources manager.
  • Market analyst.
  • Merchandiser/purchaser.
  • Project manager.
  • Quality control manager.

Which subject is best sociology or economics? ›

Economics is better if you are interested you enjoy studying the factors of production, the consumption of goods and services, and the management of resources. Sociology is better if you want to study social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior.

What is sociology good for? ›

Sociology can provide foundation knowledge about social interactions, organizations and society helpful in the pursuit of careers and a good life for ourselves and our families.

Is sociology difficult to study? ›

As compared to other subjects, sociology is very easy to understand as it revolves around the various trends in society and relates to daily life. There are bright chances of scoring good marks in this subject if one has gone through the concepts thoroughly.

What are the disadvantages of sociology? ›

(i) Sociologist alone does not study the forms of social relationships. Other social scientists also do that. (ii) The distinction between the forms of social relations and their contents is not practicable. (iii) Thirdly, the formalistic school has narrowed down the scope of Sociology.

Who is the father of sociology? ›

Auguste Comte, in full Isidore-Auguste-Marie-François-Xavier Comte, (born January 19, 1798, Montpellier, France—died September 5, 1857, Paris), French philosopher known as the founder of sociology and of positivism.

Is sociology easy? ›

People who want to do impactful work may consider sociology as a field of study in college. However, you don't want to commit to a major before learning what to expect. Luckily, most people find the information easy to understand. Read on to learn 10 reasons most people don't find sociology overly difficult.

Do sociologists have to travel? ›

Sociology degrees don't usually require you to travel, but travel is frequently an option. This might include spending a year or a semester abroad, or building up your work experience with a placement year in industry.

What is rank in sociology? ›

Rank societies are characterized by inequality in access to recognized prestige statuses although equality in access to resources may obtain. Ranking is most apparent in the political or power domain. The highest in rank is the chief of the society.

Which course is best after BA sociology? ›

Students who have passed BA in Sociology can take up a Master's course in Sociology (MA Sociology). Apart from this, the students can choose courses such as Masters in Social Work, Rural Development etc.

How do I get a job as a sociologist? ›

Here are the steps you should take if you want a career in sociology:
  1. Complete an undergraduate degree.
  2. Choose a career field.
  3. Obtain a master's degree.
  4. Gain practical experience.
  5. Opt for a Ph. D.
  6. Get certified.

Can you work at a bank with a sociology degree? ›

In business and industry, career opportunities are available as: Bank representative. Human resources manager. Consumer relations specialist.

How do I become a sociology professor? ›

To become a sociology professor, you need a master's degree in sociology. Most four-year universities require their professors to also have a doctorate. Additional qualifications include extensive sociology work or research experience, a background in education, and proven teaching skills.

Who makes more money psychologist or sociologist? ›

When comparing the typical sociology vs psychology salary, you'll find that sociologists tend to make more.

Which is easy psychology or sociology? ›

Sociology is easier but psychology is the more respected from universities and more intelligent. Got it, thanks.

How do I choose between sociology and psychology? ›

Similarities and differences

Sociology is a social science that focuses on groups of people and their methods of social interaction – as families, nations, companies, and so on. Psychology is a social science that concentrates on the thoughts and behaviors of individual people.

What is the salary of sociology professor in India? ›

The average annual Sociology salary of a professor is around ₹1,300,000 and for a sociology teacher, the salary is around ₹400,000 – ₹600,000 LPA.

What is the salary for a PhD in sociology? ›

Quick Look into Top Ph.D.

Moreover, after successfully completing this course the average placement package offered to a Ph. D. in Sociology degree holder is INR 4 Lakhs to INR 15 Lakhs per annum.

Can I be a lawyer with a sociology degree? ›

Sociology offers great training for careers in law, the criminal justice system, and the government. Sociology graduates can immediately take jobs in the government, work in law firms, or go on to graduate school in law or public policy.

What is the scope of sociology in future? ›

in Sociology, you can become a Teacher, Counselor, or Consultant in research institutes, educational institutions, public health and welfare organizations, criminal justice branches, law firms, international welfare organizations, and medical centers. If you want to continue your education, you can opt for M.

Why sociology is youngest social science? ›

It deals with the psychic process of human beings. Sociology is one of the youngest social sciences. So, sociology studies the nature and character of human society, its origin, structure, function and its development. Like anthropology, economics, political science, and psychology, sociology is a social science.

What are the government jobs after MA sociology? ›

Career in Administrative Services
  • Assistant Commissioner.
  • Block Development Officer.
  • Tehsil Welfare Officer.
  • Sub-divisional Magistrate.
  • District Public Relation Officer.

What does a sociologist do for a living? ›

Sociologists study human behavior, interaction, and organization. They observe the activity of social, religious, political, and economic groups, organizations, and institutions. They examine the effect of social influences, including organizations and institutions, on different individuals and groups.

Is sociology a health career? ›

The sociology major is good preparation for a wide range of careers in health, including medicine, social work, public health, and health services. Medical sociology is one of the largest subfields of sociology, and it is good preparation for the social science portion of the MCAT exam.

Can you do nursing with a sociology degree? ›

To get onto a nursing degree, you generally need an A level, Advanced Higher or equivalent qualification in at least one science from biology, chemistry, physics, applied science, health and social care, psychology, sociology or physical education, plus two other subjects.

What is the future of sociology in India? ›

The graduates in sociology are hired in NGOs, hospitals, public sector undertakings, and other industries. The entry-level salary of sociologists is around Rs. Rs. 2,00,000 – Rs.

What are the three scope of sociology? ›

According to Sorokin, the subject matter of Sociology includes: (i) The study of relationship between the different aspects of social phenomena; (ii) The study of relationship between the social and non-social; (iii) The study of general features of social phenomena.

What is the scope and importance of sociology? ›

Sociology enables the development of the individuals: Sociology studies social institutions- home, family; school, educations, etc and their role in the development of the individual. Sociology leads to a better social life: Knowledge of society, social groups, social institutions, associations, their functions etc.

What are the goals in studying sociology? ›

Sociology Objectives

To introduce students to the basic social processes of society, social institutions and patterns of social behavior. 3. To train students to understand and to interpret objectively the role of social processes, social institutions and social interactions in their lives.

Where do sociologists make the most money? ›

8 Highest Paying Sociology Degree Jobs
  • Human Resources Manager.
  • Market Research Analyst.
  • Public Relations Specialist.
  • Social and Community Service Manager.
  • Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists.
  • Social Worker.
  • Substance Abuse, Behavioral Disorder, and Mental Health Counselor.

What is the salary of sociology professor in India? ›

The average annual Sociology salary of a professor is around ₹1,300,000 and for a sociology teacher, the salary is around ₹400,000 – ₹600,000 LPA.

How many scopes are there in sociology? ›

After completing your BA in Sociology you can either go for a postgraduate degree in this field and opt for specializations like Gender Studies, Developmental Studies, Life Long Learning, Social Work, Labour Laws, etc. One can also pursue BEd and become a teacher after completing this course.

Who is the father of sociology? ›

Auguste Comte, in full Isidore-Auguste-Marie-François-Xavier Comte, (born January 19, 1798, Montpellier, France—died September 5, 1857, Paris), French philosopher known as the founder of sociology and of positivism.

Why sociology is youngest social science? ›

It deals with the psychic process of human beings. Sociology is one of the youngest social sciences. So, sociology studies the nature and character of human society, its origin, structure, function and its development. Like anthropology, economics, political science, and psychology, sociology is a social science.

What is the scope and nature of sociology? ›

Understanding Sociology

All social science subjects are concerned with the behaviour of people but each of them studies defferent aspects. Sociology, however, is concerned with social relations in general, and with social groupis and institutions in particular.

What are the benefits of sociology? ›

Studying sociology provides a better understanding of the following: Reasons for social differences, including differences in social behavior. Reasons for the differentials in group opportunities and outcomes. The relevance of social hierarchies and social power in everyday life.

What is subject matter of sociology? ›

Sociology is a science with its own subject matter, 'social life as a whole' and deals with more general principles underlying all social phenomena. Social phenomena is the subject matter of sociology.

What is a degree in sociology? ›

A sociology major focuses on the study of humans. Students in this major explore the diversity of social behavior and interactions. They seek to understand the human perspective by investigating different groups and institutions, such as religious sects, families, or gender and race.

What is the contribution of sociology in social science? ›

Sociology offers new ways of perceiving and analysing social life. The methods and results of sociological research are widely used for decision-making and planning in areas such as education, health care, the environment and urban planning as well as in solving economic and social problems.

What is the central focus of sociology? ›

Sociology is concerned with the study of human social behavior and the influence of society upon this behavior. More specifically, sociologists examine the behavior of individuals as members of social networks and groups such as the family, the work group, organizations, communities, and societies.

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